WEST-E Elementary Education Test Review

1. Which of these statements about guided reading is NOT true?

a. Guided reading promotes fluency.
b. Guided reading fosters social interaction.
c. Flexible grouping allows students to progress at their own rates.
d. Guided reading is generally a whole-class activity.

2. A student writes this sentence in a composition: We road the boat across the lake. To correct the student's error, the teacher should talk about:

a. synonyms.
b. phonograms.
c. homographs.
d. homophones.

3. A sixth-grade teacher shares with students the following line from Dylan Thomas's poem "Do not go gentle into that good night": Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray After reading the line aloud, the teacher points to the words curse, bless, fierce, and tears to illustrate which poetic sound device?

a. Alliteration
b. Assonance
c. Consonance
d. Onomatopoeia

4. On a trip to the planetarium, the class views a chunk of rock that has fallen from the sky and landed on Earth. The object they are looking at is a:

a. comet.
b. meteor.
c. meteoroid.
d. meteorite.

5. Which of the following best describes Earth's atmosphere?

a. 25% nitrogen, 55% oxygen, 20% water vapor and other gases
b. 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 1% water vapor and other gases
c. 38% nitrogen, 60% oxygen, 2% water vapor and other gases
d. 90% nitrogen, 5% oxygen, 5% water vapor and other gases

Answers and Explanations

1. D. The ideal group for guided reading consists of five or six students. Because students' needs and abilities vary, small and flexible groupings allow students to interact most effectively with the teacher and with each other. Reading aloud and developing fluency are major components of the guided reading experience.

2. D. Homophones are words such as rowed and road that sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. Synonyms are words that have similar meanings. A phonogram is a letter or combination of letters that represent a sound, and homographs are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings.

3. C. Consonance is the repetition of internal or ending consonants. In this example, the final /s/ sound is repeated throughout the line. Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant of a group of words. Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds. Onomatopoeia refers to a word that imitates the sound with which it is associated.

4. D. A meteoroid is an object smaller than an asteroid that revolves around any interplanetary body. The visible path of a meteoroid as it crosses the sky is called a meteor or, more commonly, a shooting star. A meteoroid that reaches the surface of the Earth without being completely vaporized is called a meteorite. A comet is a small chunk of matter that orbits the sun in an elliptical path, and is often composed of ice.

5. B. The abundant nitrogen in Earth's atmosphere is left over from the time billions of years ago when volcanoes hurled it into the air. Nitrogen tends to be unreactive and does not readily bond with other elements. Oxygen and hydrogen bond together to make the water that covers much of our planet's surface.

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Last Updated: 03/01/2017


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