1. E. In this work, Loyalist Joseph Galloway pled the case for restitution from the Crown in England.
2. B. The first excerpt from Edward Taylor’s “Upon a Wasp Chilled with Cold” describes a wasp in vivid detail.
3. A. In the second excerpt, the speaker pleads with God to clear his sight so that he can see His divinity through the wasp.
4. C. Ebenezer Cooke’s “The Sot-Weed Factor” describes the outlandish food and eating habits, the excessive drinking and fighting, and the admixture of law with violence, as well as the intellectual poverty and lack of education, that characterized this time.
5. D. In Anne Bradstreet’s “Upon the Burning of Our House,” the use of the word “fire alludes to the day of judgment, and she is acknowledging here that her goal is to be prepared.
6. E. Washington Irving’s “Rip Van Winkle” is framed by commentary from an unknown narrator. In the first passage, this narrator explains the story’s origin to the reader.
7. B. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Scarlet Letter” which contrasts Puritan morality with individualism, is an example of Transcendentalism.
8. C. Tom Canty is a character in Mark Twain’s “The Prince and the Pauper.”
9. D. The word “house” in Emily Dickinson’s poem “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” refers to the tomb in which she will reside for eternity.
10. B. “The Philosophy of Composition” was written by Edgar Allan Poe following “The Raven,” which he claimed to have written very methodically.