Certified nursing assistants play an important part in our health care system. A certified nursing assistant (CNA) provides personal, hands-on care to patients by helping them with the daily necessities of life. Whether it’s helping a patient bathe, dress wounds, or take vital signs like blood pressure, a certified nursing assistant is at the front lines of patient care.

Certified nursing assistant candidates need to train and pass a certification exam. Below, you’ll find test information, and something that’s equally as valuable — an outstanding study plan to you pass the test certified nursing assistant exam.

What are the requirements to become a certified nursing assistant?

CNA Test Study Guide with Practice Questions

Generally, you must be at least 18-years-old with a high school diploma or equivalent. Certified nursing assistant candidates must take a training program that has been approved by their state. These programs last anywhere from one to three months. That course work will be in a classroom and a clinical setting.

Are testing procedures the same in every state?

No. States also require CNA candidates to accumulate a minimum number of training hours before becoming certified. Some states require the federally mandated minimum of 75 hours of training while others require more than 100 hours.

It’s important to check with your state regulatory board and understand the certification requirements. Most states use the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) from the National Nurse Aide Assessment program.

There are fees to take the exam, and your state may require additional fees as well. For example, the NCLEX tests costs $200, and then states could charge a fee in addition to that.

What’s on the CNA exam?

That’s also up to the states. These are some of the categories candidates might see on the exam: Nutrition; collecting data; the rights of clients; daily living activities; CNA roles and responsibilities; legal and ethical issues; safety; nutrition; and more.

Generally, there are 60 to 100 questions on the test. In addition, candidates, generally, will need to demonstrate nursing skills in front of an evaluator. Those skills could include catheter care, handwashing, feeding, dressing patients, and more.

It’s test day? What do I need to know?

You’ll need to bring government issued ID but check with our state to see if it has any other identification requirements. You probably won’t be able to bring in personal items like heavy coats and electronics like cellphones and tablets into the testing room. You should arrive at the test at least 30 minutes before the start of the exam.

What’s the best way for me to prepare for the test?

The best way is to take advantage of Mometrix’s study tools. Our study guide gives you the most important information about the certified nursing assistant certification exam. We’ll help you break down the most complicated problems and provide tips on how to master them.

Our flashcards will help you prepare for several topics, including hygiene, nail care, viral infection and so much more. Our flashcards also make it easy to study on the go. Our study tools offer several advantages that can help you pass this difficult exam.



How do I get my CNA certification?


To get your CNA certification, you must have a high school diploma or GED, as well as nurse assistant training.


How long does it take to become a certified nursing assistant?


Generally, certified nursing assistant programs will take between four and 12 weeks, with state-approved programs offering 75 hours of instruction and training.


How much does a CNA make an hour?


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average hourly wage of a CNA is currently $12.22.


What is a CNA certification?


Having a CNA certification allows you to become a certified nursing assistant under the supervision of an RN or LPN.


How long is CNA license good for?


A CNA license is good for 24 months and is renewable under certain conditions.


What is the CNA exam?


The CNA exam is a two-section test consisting of a written examination and a clinical skills test.


How much does it cost to take a CNA test?


The cost will vary from state to state, but the average cost is anywhere between $80 to $100.


How long do I have to wait to take my state test for CNA?


You can take the test immediately after completing your nursing assistant course with at least an 80%.


What score do you have to get to pass the CNA test?


This depends on who is giving the test for the state. Generally, you will need a minimum of 80%, but some states require only 70%.


How much is a CNA salary?


A CNA salary is generally between $17,800 and 34,600.


What are the duties of a CNA?


The main duties of a CNA involve providing basic care to patients, as well as assisting with any daily activities that the patient has trouble with on their own.


Who is a CNA?


A CNA is a certified nursing assistant. It is their job to help patients with basic healthcare needs.


What can you do as a CNA in a hospital?


As a CNA in a hospital, you will be assisting patients with daily activities such as bathing or eating.


How many hours do you work as a CNA?


Generally, a CNA works 40 hours per week.

CNA Practice Questions

CNA Training

Getting CNA training is an excellent way of embarking on an interesting, important and respected medical career. You’re probably aware of this already, but just in case you’re brand new to the topic, CNA stands for Certified Nursing Assistant, or in some states, Certified Nursing Aide. This career is one of the most important jobs in medicine, even if it isn’t quite as well known or glamorous as the roles nurses, physicians and surgeons play.

It would not be an exaggeration to say that CNAs are one of the pillars of healthcare in the country, and millions of people have been helped and been restored to health by the care of professional nursing assistants. When a person is in a hospital or nursing home, the health care worker they interact most closely with, and spend the most time with, is almost always the nursing assistant (or assistants) assigned to their case.

They depend on these faithful workers to tend to their physical needs, but that’s not all. By showing a patient care and devotion, a CNA can often be the source of mental and emotional support. Some patients don’t have a close family, and even the ones that do don’t get to see them much when they’re ill. A CNA’s caring touch can be the spark that ignites their passion and drive to get back to full health when they feel like giving up. You can be that person making a huge difference in people’s lives, and it all starts with CNA training.

One of the best things about training for a CNA career is that it only takes a few weeks. Unlike nursing school, which can take up to four years, or other medical career schools, which can last from several months to two years, in many cases you can complete your CNA classes in just two weeks if you attend full time. If you can only go part time in the evenings, you can finish in four weeks. Many schools even have weekend only classes if your schedule is very tight.

Another factor that makes this career choice even more attractive is that the cost of training is very low. In most cases, it’s not more than a thousand dollars, and sometimes it’s lower than that. Compare that to the $10,000 to $50,000 it would cost for the training for another medical career, such as a registered nurse.

Financial aid is available, too, so you may not have to pay very much at all to become a CNA. In fact, in some areas of the country, if you’re unemployed the government will cover all the costs of your training. No matter how you pay for it, it doesn’t cost much, and you can be earning a nice income in an important medical career in just a few short weeks. There aren’t many training programs you can say that about.

What’s even better is that these jobs are in high demand. What does that mean, exactly? It means that if you pass your training, and then pass the certification test, you won’t have any trouble finding a job. In fact, you’ll almost certainly have lots of job offers, and you’ll be able to choose the one you find most appealing.

Contrast that with the situation millions of unemployed folks in America are facing right now, which is that they can’t find any job offers, and if one came along, they would pretty much be forced to take it out of necessity. But once you train to become a CNA, and get certified, you’ll never have to worry about being in that position. America has a rapidly aging population, and the elderly are the biggest consumers of health care, so once you’re qualified as a CNA, you’ll have job security for life.

So if you’ve been thinking about training for a CNA career, now is the perfect time to start down the path. You can start school right away in most big cities; if not right away, at the very least in a few months. You can finish school and get your diploma and pass the certification test in as little as two weeks from start to finish, and start working the next day if you want.

Or, if you want to be more selective, you can take your time and choose from lots of job offers, after comparing the pay and benefits. With CNA skills, you can work anywhere in the country you choose, so you don’t have to stay where you’re at if you need a change of scenery, or your spouse suddenly gets transferred. Plus, many healthcare institutions offer tuition assistance to their employees, so if you are interested in becoming a registered or vocational nurse in the future, this job can be a stepping stone to your dream, and it all starts with CNA training.

CNA Certification

What is CNA certification? Certification is the government’s official approval given to a person, which allows her to start a career as a CNA. Think of it as a license. There are two things a person needs to do in order to become a certified CNA: graduate from an approved training program, and then pass the official certification test. Passing the CNA exam is the final step in qualifying for a new career as a Certified Nursing Assistant, and it is not negotiable.

In other words, you absolutely must pass the CNA exam to become certified and be allowed to work as a nurse’s aide. Failing the exam means you’ll have to retake the test in the future, pay additional testing fees, and possibly pay for more training. Some people wonder why they have to pass a test if they’ve already graduated from an approved CNA training program; to them it seems like their diploma should be all the proof anyone needs that they’re qualified.

In theory, that makes sense, but in reality, certification is not a waste of time at all. Yes, a training program may be approved, but that doesn’t mean that every teacher in the school is excellent. Some teachers could take bribes, or pass a person to be “nice.” Some students may have gotten their diploma by cheating. So, to protect the public, passing the exam is the necessary final step to CNA certification.

How to Pass the CNA

What is the test like? Well, there are two parts to the CNA test. There’s a written (or oral) exam, and a skills test, which is taken on location in an actual or simulated health care facility. This way, the candidate will demonstrate that he knows both what to do, and how to do it. Head knowledge isn’t enough, and in the hectic world of health care, there’s no time for on the job training.

Nurses and other aides won’t have the time, desire or patience to interrupt what they’re doing to instruct someone who is supposed to know what he’s doing. That’s why the skills test is so important.

The written test is also important, and it will usually have about 70 multiple choice questions on it, and the candidate will have two hours or so to finish it. These questions will cover all aspects of the duties a CNA is expected to perform, and the information needed to perform them correctly. In many states, the written exam can be taken orally if a person chooses to do so because they have trouble reading, or they’re not fluent in English.

The skills test will take place in a setting such as a hospital or a nursing home, or a room set up exactly like a room in such a facility, and the candidate will have to perform five different procedures on actual people in order to pass this portion of the exam. What makes this especially tricky is that a person has no idea which five procedures they’re going to asked to demonstrate.

During training, a student is expected to master a few dozen skills they will need on the job, such as:

  • feeding a patient who can’t feed himself
  • helping a patient with a bedpan
  • bathing a patient in bed or in the bathroom
  • making an unoccupied bed
  • making a bed with the patient in it
  • turning a patient to face you
  • giving an enema
  • taking a temperature orally
  • taking a temperature rectally
  • measuring and recording pulse
  • measuring and recording blood pressure
  • dealing with a patient who is confused or has memory loss
  • cleaning dentures
  • shaving a male patient, etc.

Of course, since a person should have all these skills (and more) down pat by the time they graduate, it should be no problem demonstrating them. In fact, far more CNA candidates fail the written portion of the exam than fail the skills portion. So it’s really important to brush up for the written/oral exam.

There are some good study guides and flash card sets available for those who want to prepare as much as they can so they can get started on their CNA career right away. As far as fees, you should double check in your area, but as of this writing, taking both tests will cost around $100 in the state of Texas, for example ($93 for the written & skills tests, or $106 for the oral & skills tests).

Should a person fail, they will be charged another fee every time they retake the exams, although the cost is usually lower than the initial testing fee. So there you have it; you’ve got the information you need, now it’s time to get started on your new career, and it all starts with taking a class and passing your CNA certification exam.

CNA Classes

CNA classes can be the path out of unemployment, or a boring, dead end job. They can lead to a vital and interesting career helping the people who need it most, our nation’s sick and elderly people. Once you have graduated and passed your certification, you’ll be taking part in an occupation that our entire medical system depends on in order to function.

That isn’t hype. It’s the truth; if all the CNAs in America disappeared or went on strike tomorrow morning, our entire health care system would be thrown into turmoil. Thousands of people would die, and tens of thousands more would have their suffering made worse. Don’t ever let anyone try to tell you that being a CNA isn’t an important or satisfying job, because that’s nonsense.

Actually, there are very few jobs that are as important as what a CNA does. There’s no denying that the job can be difficult, stressful and at times, downright unpleasant. But those things pale in comparison to the unbelievable amount of good a CNA can do. All over the US, in hospitals and nursing homes, there are thousands of people whose lives literally depend on the CNA. That’s an awesome responsibility, and it leads to a powerful sense of fulfillment. And it all starts with CNA classes.

No matter where you live in America, you should have no trouble finding a program for CNA training. If you live in a fairly large city, you should have more than one school to choose from. If you live in one of America’s bigger cities, you probably have several schools to choose from. People in small towns are usually within driving distance of a CNA program, too. These classes are incredibly inexpensive, usually costing not much more than a thousand dollars, if that much.

That’s because they only take a couple of weeks to complete. A person attending CNA school full time can get their diploma in two weeks. If a person has to work, and can only attend in the evenings, or on the weekends, it will only take four weeks to finish. There are few other careers which can be started after only a few weeks training, which can lead to full time employment right away.

What will you study in CNA classes? Well, you’ll learn some basic medical principles and lingo, for one thing. Don’t worry; you won’t be expected to be an expert in anatomy and physiology. However, you will be taking orders from nurses, in a medical facility, so you’ll need to be able to understand what they’re saying and what they want you to do. If you have a high school diploma or a GED, you have what it takes to handle this information.

The bulk of what you learn, however, will not be theory or principles, but how to perform actual tasks for the benefit of your patients. These will include the proper way of helping a patient to his feet, how to lift a patient with the help of another nurse’s aide, how to help a person use a bedpan, how to give a person a bath while he’s still in his bed, how to make a bed while a patient is in it, how to shave a patient’s face, how to take blood pressure and pulse readings, and how to write them up, how to take a person’s temperature orally or rectally, and much more. This is what most of your time in class will be spent on.

Believe it or not, your time in class will fly by, especially if you go full time. Two weeks is not a long time at all, so you’ll need to pay attention and take a lot of notes. Then you’ll take your certification and exam, and if you worked hard in class and prepped for the test, passing it should be no problem. Then you can start applying for jobs, and you won’t have any trouble finding one, no matter where you live, because there aren’t nearly enough qualified CNAs in the US as there are job openings for them.

And these jobs pay fairly well, too. You won’t make as much as a registered nurse or a lawyer makes, but you’ll make a lot more than people in many other jobs. Because of the strong demand, you’ll never again have to worry about being unemployed. These are all great aspects of the career, but some would say they’re not the greatest. Some CNAs would tell you that the best thing about the job is helping frail and sick people get better, being a shoulder to cry on, or being the only friend in the world a patient has. And you can get started simply by signing up for low cost CNA classes.

by Mometrix Test Preparation | Last Updated: April 5, 2019