Free Cooper Institute Certified Personal Trainer (CI-CPT) Test
1. You are exercising outdoors and become concerned that your client may be dehydrated. At what point would her condition be considered a medical emergency?
- When she complains that her leg muscles are cramping
- When she seems to be confused and doesn't know where she is
- When she becomes dizzy and light-headed
- When she begins complaining of a headache
2. What food information is NOT present on a food label?
- Amount of protein in a serving
- Amount of cholesterol in a serving
- Amount of calories in a serving
- Amount of caffeine in a serving
3. When meeting with a client for the first time, all of the following can be helpful comments to make to a client EXCEPT:
- "How would you like this work to help you?"
- "Can you tell me about your daily routine?"
- "What health problems do you have?"
- "Do you think you have clinical depression?"
4. A client in the pre-contemplation stage of behavior might think to himself:
- "I just can't lose weight."
- "I have a plan to lose weight."
- "I am really thinking about how to lose weight."
- "I am so proud I lost weight!"
5. An example of a substitution behavioral change that you might suggest to a client is:
- "Call your best friend to walk with you every day."
- "Take the stairs instead of the elevator at work."
- "If you reach this goal we set up, you can have a reward of your choosing."
- "Put your running shoes right by your bed so you are motivated to run first thing in the morning."
Answers & Explanations
1. B: Dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke are conditions that are best avoided by encouraging clients to drink either water or sports drinks often. When individuals wait until they feel thirsty to drink, they may already have lost 1 to 2 liters of fluid. A dehydrated individual may feel less energetic and begin to develop muscle cramps. If not treated, an individual can develop heat exhaustion, which may be manifested by headaches and feelings of nausea. If heat exhaustion isn't treated, an individual may suffer from heat stroke. During heat stroke, an individual's body temperature increases, and he or she may become confused or lose consciousness. This is a medical emergency. The patient needs to have her body temperature lowered as quickly as possible.
2. D: Labeling on food packages is helpful in determining a number of characteristics of a food, including the ingredients, serving size, and nutrients present in the food. Food label information is based on a 2,000 calorie diet. It provides the percent daily value for the amount of fats, cholesterol, sodium, potassium, carbohydrates, and protein present in a serving size. While caffeine will be listed as an ingredient if it is present in the food, the specific amount of caffeine will not be listed.
3. D: It is important to remember that coaching is not therapy or mental health counseling. Personal trainers should never diagnose current psychiatric problems. However, it is important to ask a person about their past history - medical and otherwise - so that your sessions can be appropriate and productive. Knowing about a person's daily routine will tell you how active he or she usually is. Asking, "How would you like this work to help you?" can elicit a specific goal that the two of you can work toward.
4. A: There are five stages of behavioral change. Listed in order of unwilling to change to readiness to change, they are pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. People in pre-contemplation often say, "I can't" or "I won't" about being able to change. People in the contemplation stage often say, "I just may change" or "I'm thinking about it." People in the preparation stage have actively decided to take action at some point soon. In the action stage, a person has decided to implement a consistent change, but has been implementing the new behavior for less than six months. If a person has consistently implemented a change for more than six months, he or she is in the maintenance stage.
5. B: There are a number of strategies trainers can employ in order to effect behavior change in a client. Substitution or counterconditioning involves substituting healthy behaviors for unhealthy behaviors. Answer A is an example of social support. Answer C is an example of a reward or reinforcement system. Answer D is an example of environmental control, which is a cue that can precipitate healthy behavior.
Last Updated: 04/18/2018