# Mathematics Grade 1 Practice Questions

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1. George has 5 pieces of candy in his lunch. Fred has 2 fewer candies than George. How many candies does Fred have?
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a. 2

b. 3

c. 5

d. 7

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2. Choose the equation which does NOT represent the word problem given:
For her birthday, Sally received 3 new t-shirts. If Sally now has 12 t-shirts, how many t-shirts did she have before her birthday?
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a. 3+12=?

b. 12-3=?

c. ?+3=12

d. 3+?=12

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3. Bobby had 4 library books in his desk. Today, he brought two more books from home. How many books does Bobby have in his desk now?
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a. 2

b. 4

c. 6

d. 8

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4. Three friends get together to play video games. If Victor brings 5 games, Tyler brings 4 games, and Sam has 6 games, how many games do the friends have to play?
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a. 9

b. 10

c. 11

d. 15

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5. Subtract: 18-8-8=
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a. 2

b. 4

c. 16

d. 18

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6. Choose the equation which answers the question:
What number added to 7 is equal to 9?
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a. 7-5=2

b. 7+9=16

c. 9-7=2

d. 9+7=16

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7. Which of the following shows counting by 3's?
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a. 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3

b. 3, 5, 7, 9, 11

c. 3, 6, 9, 12, 15

d. 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

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8. Which of the following shows 17-5 by counting?
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a. 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12

b. 17, 15, 13, 11, 9, 7

c. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

d. 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27

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9. Add: 12+6=
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a. 3

b. 6

c. 12

d. 18

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10. Subtract: 17-9=
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a. 8

b. 9

c. 10

d. 11

## Answers and Explanations

1. B: The word "fewer" indicates the use of subtraction. 5-2=3.

2. A: All other choices represent the correct relationship between the number of t-shirts before and after her birthday.

B: 12-3=? The number of t-shirts she has now minus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday.

C: ?+3=12 The number of t-shirts she had before her birthday plus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now.

D: 3+?=12 The number of t-shirts received at her birthday plus the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now.

3. C: Bobby had 4 books in his desk and he added 2 books. 4+2=6.

4. D: Add the number of games each friend has to find the total number of games. 5+4+6=15.

5. A: 18-8-8=10-8=2.

6. C: ?+7=9 and 9-7=? have the same meaning because both question marks are correctly replaced with 2.

7. C: Choice C shows 3, then 3+3=6, 6+3=9, 9+3=12, and 12+3=15.

8. A: Count down (subtract 1) five times, starting at 17: 17-1=16, 16-1=15, 15-1=14, 14-1=13, and 13-1=12.

9. D: Break 12 into 10+2 to add: 12+6=10+2+6=10+8=18.

10. A: Break 9 into parts of 7 and 2. Then subtract 7 and 2 from 17: : 17-9=17-7-2=10-2=8.

Last Updated: 03/01/2017