Mathematics Grade 1 Practice Questions

1. George has 5 pieces of candy in his lunch. Fred has 2 fewer candies than George. How many candies does Fred have?
  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 7
2. Choose the equation which does NOT represent the word problem given:
For her birthday, Sally received 3 new t-shirts. If Sally now has 12 t-shirts, how many t-shirts did she have before her birthday?
  1. 3+12=?
  2. 12-3=?
  3. ?+3=12
  4. 3+?=12
3. Bobby had 4 library books in his desk. Today, he brought two more books from home. How many books does Bobby have in his desk now?
  1. 2
  2. 4
  3. 6
  4. 8
4. Three friends get together to play video games. If Victor brings 5 games, Tyler brings 4 games, and Sam has 6 games, how many games do the friends have to play?
  1. 9
  2. 10
  3. 11
  4. 15
5. Subtract: 18-8-8=
  1. 2
  2. 4
  3. 16
  4. 18
6. Choose the equation which answers the question:
What number added to 7 is equal to 9?
  1. 7-5=2
  2. 7+9=16
  3. 9-7=2
  4. 9+7=16
7. Which of the following shows counting by 3’s?
  1. 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
  2. 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
  3. 3, 6, 9, 12, 15
  4. 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3
8. Which of the following shows 17-5 by counting?
  1. 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12
  2. 17, 15, 13, 11, 9, 7 
  3. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
  4. 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27
9. Add: 12+6=
  1. 3
  2. 6
  3. 12
  4. 18
10. Subtract: 17-9=
  1. 8
  2. 9
  3. 10
  4. 11

Answers and Explanations


1. B: The word “fewer” indicates the use of subtraction. 5-2=3.

2. A: All other choices represent the correct relationship between the number of t-shirts before and after her birthday. 
B: 12-3=? The number of t-shirts she has now minus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday.
C: ?+3=12 The number of t-shirts she had before her birthday plus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now. 
D: 3+?=12 The number of t-shirts received at her birthday plus the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now.

3. C: Bobby had 4 books in his desk and he added 2 books. 4+2=6.

4. D: Add the number of games each friend has to find the total number of games. 5+4+6=15.

5. A: 18-8-8=10-8=2.

6. C: ?+7=9 and 9-7=? have the same meaning because both question marks are correctly replaced with 2.

7. C: Choice C shows 3, then 3+3=6, 6+3=9, 9+3=12, and 12+3=15.

8. A: Count down (subtract 1) five times, starting at 17: 17-1=16, 16-1=15, 15-1=14, 14-1=13, and 13-1=12.

9. D: Break 12 into 10+2 to add: 12+6=10+2+6=10+8=18.

10. A: Break 9 into parts of 7 and 2. Then subtract 7 and 2 from 17: : 17-9=17-7-2=10-2=8.