**1. George has 5 pieces of candy in his lunch. Fred has 2 fewer candies than George. How many candies does Fred have?**

- 2
- 3
- 5
- 7

**2. Choose the equation which does NOT represent the word problem given:**

For her birthday, Sally received 3 new t-shirts. If Sally now has 12 t-shirts, how many t-shirts did she have before her birthday?

For her birthday, Sally received 3 new t-shirts. If Sally now has 12 t-shirts, how many t-shirts did she have before her birthday?

- 3+12=?
- 12-3=?
- ?+3=12
- 3+?=12

**3. Bobby had 4 library books in his desk. Today, he brought two more books from home. How many books does Bobby have in his desk now?**

- 2
- 4
- 6
- 8

**4. Three friends get together to play video games. If Victor brings 5 games, Tyler brings 4 games, and Sam has 6 games, how many games do the friends have to play?**

- 9
- 10
- 11
- 15

**5. Subtract: 18-8-8=**

- 2
- 4
- 16
- 18

**6. Choose the equation which answers the question:**

What number added to 7 is equal to 9?

What number added to 7 is equal to 9?

- 7-5=2
- 7+9=16
- 9-7=2
- 9+7=16

**7. Which of the following shows counting by 3’s?**

- 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
- 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
- 3, 6, 9, 12, 15
- 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

**8. Which of the following shows 17-5 by counting?**

- 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12
- 17, 15, 13, 11, 9, 7
- 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
- 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27

**9. Add: 12+6=**

- 3
- 6
- 12
- 18

**10. Subtract: 17-9=**

- 8
- 9
- 10
- 11

## Answers and Explanations

1. B: The word “fewer” indicates the use of subtraction. 5-2=3.

2. A: All other choices represent the correct relationship between the number of t-shirts before and after her birthday.

B: 12-3=? The number of t-shirts she has now minus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday.

C: ?+3=12 The number of t-shirts she had before her birthday plus the number of t-shirts received at her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now.

D: 3+?=12 The number of t-shirts received at her birthday plus the number of t-shirts she had before her birthday equals the number of t-shirts she has now.

3. C: Bobby had 4 books in his desk and he added 2 books. 4+2=6.

4. D: Add the number of games each friend has to find the total number of games. 5+4+6=15.

5. A: 18-8-8=10-8=2.

6. C: ?+7=9 and 9-7=? have the same meaning because both question marks are correctly replaced with 2.

7. C: Choice C shows 3, then 3+3=6, 6+3=9, 9+3=12, and 12+3=15.

8. A: Count down (subtract 1) five times, starting at 17: 17-1=16, 16-1=15, 15-1=14, 14-1=13, and 13-1=12.

9. D: Break 12 into 10+2 to add: 12+6=10+2+6=10+8=18.

10. A: Break 9 into parts of 7 and 2. Then subtract 7 and 2 from 17: : 17-9=17-7-2=10-2=8.