Practice Questions

Choose the analogy that best matches the example provided.

1. HAVOC : DEVASTATION

A. CLARIFICATION : MYSTIFICATION
B. SURPLUS : SHORTAGE
C. FARCE : SHAM
D. TURMOIL : ORDER
E. TIMIDITY : AUDACITY

2. INFAMOUS : UNFAVORABLE

A. MELLOW : FAVORABLE
B. HOSPITABLE : UNFAVORABLE
C. VINDICTIVE : FAVORABLE
D. GIGANTIC : UNFAVORABLE
E. LAX : FAVORABLE

3. LETHARGIC : ENERGY

A. DESPONDENT : MELANCHOLY
B. LEISURELY : RELAXATION
C. NOTORIOUS : INFAMY
D. MELLOW : WRATH
E. LAVISH : EXTRAVAGANCE

4. BELLOW : FURY

A. SNICKER : HATRED
B. HISS : JOY
C. GIGGLE : DREAD
D. YAWN : EXCITEMENT
E. GASP : SURPRISE

5. DISMANTLE : ASSEMBLE

A. SHIRK : MALINGER
B. PAMPER : MISTREAT
C. MAR : DISFIGURE
D. RANT : RAVE
E. ABOUND : TEEM

6. DIALOGUE : PLAYWRIGHT

A. FARCE : BUFFOON
B. NARRATIVE : CHARACTER
C. OVERTURE : COMPOSER
D. PACT : HUMORIST
E. CLARIFICATION : BENEFICIARY

7. FLU : MALADY

A. FINALE : OVERTURE
B. FELONY : MISDEMEANOR
C. FUN : FARCE
D. FLEA : PARASITE
E. FIRE : HEARTH

8. MEDLEY : MISCELLANEOUS

A. TRUCE : HOSTILE
B. LUSTER : DULL
C. FLEDGLING : EXPERIENCED
D. REMNANT : COMPLETE
E. MALADY : FATAL

9. BASKETBALL : HOOP

A. POOL : CUE
B. CROQUET : WICKET
C. HOCKEY : PUCK
D. TENNIS : NET
E. BASEBALL : BAT

10. PLAGUE : MALADY

A. BYSTANDER : PARTICIPANT
B. TIMIDITY : COWARD
C. ANECDOTE : NARRATIVE
D. EMBLEM : DIALOGUE
E. PERJURY : HOMICIDE

11. SHERIFF : POSSE

A. PAINTER : EASEL
B. STUDENT : TEACHER
C. MASCOT : TEAM
D. SERGEANT : REGIMEN
E. FOREMAN : JURY

12. GIGANTIC : SIZE

A. SUBSTANTIAL : MASS
B. MARGINAL : VOLUME
C. BANKRUPT : MONEY
D. DESPONDENT : CHEERFULNESS
E. HEARTRENDING : HUMOR

13. DRUGGIST : PHARMACY

A. BALLERINA : TUTU
B. HAND : GLOVE
C. WAITER : RESTAURANT
D. COACH : TEAM
E. CHILD : FATHER

14. SKI : SNOW

A. DRIVE : CAR
B. GOLF : PUTT
C. DANCE : STEP
D. SKATE : ICE
E. RIDE : HORSE

15. VERIFY : TRUE

A. SIGNIFY : CHEAP
B. PURIFY : CLEAN
C. TERRIFY : CONFIDENT
D. RATIFY : ANGRY
E. MORTIFY : RELAXED

16. TARANTULA : SPIDER

A. MARE : STALLION
B. MILK : COW
C. FLY : PARASITE
D. SHEEP : GRASS
E. DRONE : BEE

17. RATIFY : YES

A. LOOM : NO
B. ERADICATE : YES
C. VETO : NO
D. STIFLE : YES
E. GOAD : NO

18. GAUDY : TASTEFUL

A. MASSIVE : VOLUME
B. MEAGER : ABUNDANCE
C. IMPARTIAL : OBJECTIVITY
D. CHRONOLOGICAL : TIME
E. NUTRITIOUS : HEALTH

19. RITE : CEREMONY

A. MAGNITUDE : SIZE
B. AFFLICTION : BLESSING
C. CLAMOR : SILENCE
D. PALL : CLARITY
E. AGITATION : CALM

20. INFLATE : BIGGER

A. REVERE : LOWER
B. ELONGATE : SHORTER
C. FLUCTUATE : LONGER
D. MEDITATE : HIGHER
E. DIMINISH : SMALLER

Answers and Explanations

1. C: Havoc and devastation are synonyms meaning chaos or destruction. Farce and sham likewise are synonyms, meaning travesty, fake, or trick. Clarification (making clear) and mystification (making mysterious or unclear) are antonyms (A). Surplus is too much; shortage is too little; so these are antonyms (B). Turmoil is disturbance or turbulence, the opposite/antonym of order (D). Timidity, or fearfulness; and audacity, or boldness, are antonyms (E).

2. A: Infamous means notorious or disreputable, which is unfavorable; mellow means serene or calm, which is favorable. Hospitable means courteous and is not unfavorable (B). Vindictive means spiteful or vengeful and is not favorable (C). Gigantic means huge or enormous and is not unfavorable (D). Lax means slack or remiss and is not favorable (E).

3. D: Lethargic means without energy: these are antonyms. Likewise, mellow means good-humored; wrath means anger/ire, an opposite. One who is despondent is depressed and feels melancholy (A); these are synonyms. Relaxation is a leisurely state (B); these are synonyms. Someone/something notorious has infamy, i.e. ill repute; these are synonyms. Someone/something doing something lavish, i.e. abundant or excessive, displays extravagance (E), i.e. indulgent and/or excessive/wasteful expense.

4. E: One may bellow, i.e. roar or yell, with fury (rage), as one may gasp with surprise. One would snicker (chuckle) mockingly, but not with hatred (A). One might smile, laugh, or jump, but not hiss, with joy (B). One would giggle with amusement, but not with dread (fear) (C). One would yawn with boredom or fatigue, but not with excitement (D).

5. B: Dismantle (take apart) and assemble (put together) are antonyms, as are pamper (indulge or spoil) and mistreat (abuse or harm). Shirk and malinger (A) are synonyms meaning to evade work. Mar and disfigure (C) are synonyms meaning to deface or damage. Rant and rave (D) are synonyms meaning to yell or talk on wildly. Abound and teem (E) are synonyms, meaning to be abundant or plentiful.

6. C: Dialogue is written by playwrights, overtures by composers. A farce (humorous/ nonsensical play/skit) is not written by a buffoon but contains one (A). A narrative is not written by a character but contains one (B). A pact is an agreement or alliance, written by a diplomat, politician, etc., not a humorist (D) or comedian. A clarification is written by an author or editor, not a beneficiary (E) or recipient of benefits, as from a will or insurance policy.

7. D: Flu is a type of malady (illness) as flea is a type of parasite (opportunistic organism). Finale and overture (A) are respectively the last/ending and first/opening movements of a musical composition. Felony and misdemeanor (B) are crimes of respectively greater and lesser severity. Fun is something one might have attending a humorous play/skit or farce (C). A fire burns in a fireplace; a hearth is in front of a fireplace (E). All incorrect choices are not TYPE: CATEGORY.

8. E: A medley is a combination of things, which may be miscellaneous (various/assorted), as a malady, or illness, may be fatal (deadly). A truce is an agreement to stop war or hostilities and hence is not hostile (A). Luster is shine and hence not dull (B). A fledgling is a beginner who is not experienced (C). A remnant is a small remaining part of something and hence is not complete (D).

9. B: In basketball, one throws a ball through a hoop; in croquet, one hits a ball through a wicket. In pool, one knocks balls into pockets-not into the cue, but using the cue (stick) (A). In hockey, one hits a puck into a goal, not into a puck (C). In tennis, one hits a ball over, not into (one hopes!) a net (D). In baseball, the ball is hit with the bat, not into it (E).

10. C: Plague (epidemic) is a type of malady (illness), as anecdote (C) is a type of narrative (story). Bystander and participant (A) are opposites. Timidity (fearfulness) is a characteristic of cowards (B), not a type of coward. An emblem is a symbol or insignia, unrelated to dialogue (conversation or dramatic lines). Perjury is lying/falsifying courtroom testimony; homicide is murder.

11. E: A sheriff leads a posse; a foreman leads a jury. Painters do not lead easels (A), which hold the canvases whereon they paint. Students do not lead teachers (B) but are instructed and/or led by teachers. Mascots do not lead teams (C) but represent them. A sergeant may lead a regiment (military unit), but not a regimen (D), a regulated course of action as with medication/treatment, exercise, diet, or lifestyle.

12. A: Gigantic is great in size; substantial is great in mass. Marginal means minimal or peripheral, not great in volume (amount) (B). Bankrupt means having little or no money, not great amounts (C). Despondent means depressed, not great in cheerfulness (D). Heartrending means emotionally moving or upsetting, not great in humor (E).

13. C: A druggist works in a pharmacy, a waiter in a restaurant-both business places or buildings. A ballerina works in a dance studio and/or theater (business place/building) but wears a tutu (dance garment) (A); as a ballerina is clothed in a tutu, a hand is clothed in a glove (B); a coach teaches and guides a team (D); and a child is the offspring of a father (E). None of the incorrect answers represents WORKER: BUSINESS PLACE/BUILDING.

14. D: We ski on snow and skate on ice. We drive with/in a car (A), not on it. A putt is one action in golf (B), not a surface/green for playing golf. A step is one piece of a dance (C), not a dance floor. People do ride on horses (E), but the horse, like the car (A) is the means of conveyance, not the surface we travel over as snow and ice are skiing and skating surfaces.

15. B: To verify is to prove true; to purify is to make clean. To signify is to represent or show, not make cheap (A). To terrify is to frighten, not make confident or assured/certain (C). To ratify is to confirm or approve, not make angry (D). To mortify is to shame, not make relaxed (E).

16. E: A tarantula is a type of spider, a drone a type of bee. A mare is a female, a stallion a male, horse-two types of one animal, not types of two different animals. Milk is not a type of cow (B) but (noun) the cow's product, or (verb) an action performed on cows. A fly is a type of insect, not a type of parasite (C). A sheep eats grass, but is not a type of grass (D).

17. C: To ratify is to say yes; to veto, to say no (typically to legislation). To loom is to appear/arise largely, like thunderclouds; to be impending, as an event; or to weave, as fabric (A). Eradicate means to eliminate/remove/erase (B). Stifle means to suppress, smother, or forcibly end (D). Goad means to urge or prod (E). None of the incorrect choices means to say yes, or no, to anything.

18. B: Gaudy means tasteless/flashy; tasteful is an antonym. Meager means sparse; abundance means plenty. Impartiality, the noun corresponding to the adjective impartial, means objective (C); these are synonymous. Chronological means related to time (D); these are related but not opposites. Nutritious means promoting health (E); these are related but not antonyms.

19. A: Rite and ceremony are synonyms, as are magnitude and size. Affliction-distress or misery-is an antonym of blessing (B). Clamor, or noise, and silence (C) are antonyms. Pall, a shroud of darkness or gloom, is an antonym of clarity or clearness. Agitation, i.e. restlessness or (unpleasant) excitation, is an antonym of calm (E).

20. E: To inflate means to make bigger; to diminish means to make smaller. Each is a pair of synonyms. To revere is to exalt or raise up, not lower (A). To elongate means to make longer, not shorter (B). To fluctuate means to vary, not make longer (C). To meditate means to think, contemplate, reflect, or engage in a spiritual/religious practice of relaxation/focus, not make higher (D).

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Last Updated: 03/01/2017


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