Basic Word Problems

1. A man goes to a casino with $125. He loses $30 on blackjack, then loses another $40 on roulette. How much money does he have left?
  1. $35
  2. $40
  3. $55
  4. $70
2. A baker uses 6 eggs to bake a cake. How many cakes will he be able to bake with 145 eggs?
  1. 23
  2. 24
  3. 25
  4. 26
3. A woman must drive 298 miles to reach her destination. If she travels 42 miles during the first hour, how many miles will she have yet to travel?
  1. 225
  2. 256
  3. 271
  4. 286
4. Jamie had $6.50 in his wallet when he left home. He spent $4.25 on drinks and $2.00 on a magazine. Later, his friend repaid him $2.50 that he had borrowed the previous day. How much money does Jamie have in his wallet?
  1. $12.25
  2. $14.25
  3. $3.25
  4. $2.75
  5. $1.75
5. Tom works 25 hours a week and earns $7.75 per hour. He received a raise that increases his weekly pay to $206.25. What is the increase in Tom’s weekly pay?
  1. $12.50
  2. $13.25
  3. $13.75
  4. $14.50
6. How many seconds are there in 36 hours?
  1. 2,160
  2. 51,840
  3. 129,600
  4. 132,200
7. You purchase a car making a down payment of $3,000 and 6 monthly payments of $225. How much have you paid so far for the car?
  1. $3,225
  2. $4,350
  3. $5,375
  4. $6,550
8. A pizza dough recipe calls for 2 cups of flour and 1 1/2 teaspoons of salt. How much salt would you need if you wanted to triple the recipe?
  1. 1 tablespoon
  2. 3 teaspoons
  3. 1/2 teaspoons
  4. 6 teaspoons
9. If a local grocery store last year had a total income of $7,056,238 and expenses of $3,998,100, how much profit did it make (profit is income minus expenses)?
  1. $3,058,138
  2. $3,158,138
  3. $2,738,188
  4. $4,158,188
10. Karen goes to the grocery store with $40. She buys a gallon of milk for $3.20, a loaf of bread for $1.85, and a bunch of bananas for $3.05. How much money does she have left?
  1. $30.95
  2. $31.90
  3. $32.10
  4. $34.95

 

Answers and Explanations


1. C: Calculate how much the man lost: $40 + $30 = $70. Then, subtract that amount from the amount he had originally: $125 – $70 = $55

2. B: To find out how many cakes the baker will be able to make, divide the total number of eggs (145) by the number needed to make a single cake (6): 145 / 6 = 24 (with 1 extra egg left over)

3. B: To calculate how many miles the woman still has to travel, subtract the distance she has traveled (42 miles) from the distance of the entire trip (298 miles):
298 miles – 42 miles = 256 miles

4. D: Jamie had $2.75 after all the transactions described. To solve this problem, first subtract $4.25 and $2.00 from the initial sum of $6.50, leaving $0.25. Then add $2.50, arriving at the final answer of $2.75 
$6.50 – $4.25 – $2.00 = $0.25
$0.25 + $2.50 + $2.75

5. A: First, calculate Tom’s current weekly pay. Multiply the number of hours worked by his hourly wage: 25 x $7.75 = $193.75. The increase in pay is the new total wage minus the previous total wage: $206.25 – $193.75 = $12.50, Choice A

6. C: Convert the units from hours to seconds: 36 hours x 60 minutes/hour x 60 seconds/minute = 129,600, Choice C.

7. B: $3,000 + $225(6) = $4,350

8. C: 1/2 x 3 = 4 1/2

9. A: The income ($7,056,238) minus expenses ($3,998,100) = $3,058,138.

10. B: The answer is $31.90. To solve this problem, you must know how to solve word problems involving decimal subtraction. In this scenario, Karen starts out with a certain amount of money and spends some of it on groceries. To calculate how much money she has left, simply subtract the money spent from the original figure: $40 – $1.85 – $3.20 – $3.05. You can either subtract them one by one or add them up and subtract the sum from 40: $40 – ($1.85 + $3.20 + $3.05). Either way will generate the right answer.


by Enoch Morrison | Last Updated: November 30, 2018