Free NASM Personal Trainer Practice Test
1. How much weight loss is appropriate for an obese individual with a BMI greater than 30?
a. 1 kg a week
b. 2 kg a week
c. 3 kg a week
d. 4 kg a week
2. Which of the following is not covered when obtaining informed consent from a client?
a. Benefits that the client should expect to gain
b. Risks and discomfort that may be associated with the training program
c. Purpose of the training program
d. How much the training program will cost
3. The end of a bone is called the
4. All are true of a synovial joint EXCEPT
a. The synovial cavity is filled with synovial fluid.
b. A synovial joint can flex and extend.
c. A synovial joint may be supported by ligaments.
d. A synovial joint never contains any other structures inside of it.
5. Leg raises are an example of
a. Hip extension
b. Knee flexion
c. Hip flexion
d. Hip abduction
Answers and Explanations
1. A: People who are obese have a BMI greater than or equal to 30. These individuals are at a high risk of cardiac problems, certain types of cancers, and diabetes. Among other areas, training programs can focus on weight loss, promoting appetite control, and lowering the risk of associated medical issues. Weight loss should be gradual-not more than 1 kg per week. Aerobic training sessions five to seven times a week lasting 45-60 minutes per session may be helpful.
2. D: Obtaining informed consent at the beginning of a professional relationship can protect against potential later legal action. An informed consent document will discuss the reason for the training program, the risks or discomfort that a client may experience, the responsibilities of the client, the benefits the client may reap, and it will offer the opportunity for a client to ask related questions. Fee structure and payments are not part of the informed consent.
3. A: When describing the anatomy of a bone, the epiphysis is the end of a bone and the diaphysis is the shaft of the bone. The periosteum is a membrane that covers the surface of a bone, except at the articular surfaces (joints). The endosteum is the lining of the bone marrow cavity and contains the cells necessary for new bone development.
4. D: A synovial joint is the most common type of joint found in the body and is made up of two articulating bones. Synovial fluid is present in the synovial cavity, which is lined by a synovial membrane. The joint is surrounded by a fibrous capsule, which can be supported by ligaments. Sometimes, a synovial joint may contain other structures, such as menisci (for example, in the knee) or fat pads. There are subtypes of synovial joints, including a hinge joint, ball-and-socket joint, and a pivot joint.
5. C: Leg raises are one type of exercise that works the hip flexor muscles. These muscles include the iliopsoas, rectus femoris, sartorius, and pectineus. Exercises for hip extension include squats or leg presses. Hip extensor muscles are the hamstrings and the gluteus maximus. Hip abduction exercises can be done with an exercise machine. Muscles involved with hip abduction include the tensor fascia latae, sartorius, and gluteus minimus and medius. Leg curl exercises involve knee flexion. Muscles involved with flexion of the knee are the hamstrings, gracilis, and popliteus.
Last Updated: 08/24/2017