Free Nursing Professional Development Practice Test

1. According to systems theory (Ludwig von Bertalanffy), the element of a system that comprises actions that take place to transform input is

a. throughput.
b. output.
c. evaluation.
d. feedback.

2. When instructing staff members on the method of accessing data in a new computerized system, which of the following presentation methods is most effective?

a. Just-in-time presentation immediately before staff needs to access data
b. Classroom presentation a week before the new computerized system is installed
c. Literature presentation with handouts and posters explaining use when the new computer system is installed
d. Computer-module presentation available for 2 weeks before the new computerized system is installed

3. The nursing professional development specialist uses which type of nursing decision-making to decide how services will be delivered?

a. Experiential
b. Interventional
c. Organizational
d. Targeted

4. When evaluating literature and information to determine the level of evidence, the category that indicates that information has supporting evidence from some studies, has a good theoretical basis, and is strongly recommended for implementation is

a. category Ia.
b. category IB
c. category II.
d. category III.

5. If an institution's goal is to increase staff retention to provide excellent care, which of the following professional development activities should have priority?

a. Development of Web-based instruction modules
b. Development of research activities
c. Participation in state and local organizations
d. Development of a mentoring program

Answers & Explanations

1. A: The five elements in a system include:

  • Input: This is what goes into a system in terms of energy or materials.
  • Throughput: These are the actions that take place in order to transform input.
  • Output: This is the result of the interrelationship between input and processes.
  • Evaluation: This is the monitoring of success or failure.
  • Feedback: This is information that results from the process and can be used to evaluate the end result.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy believed that all of the elements of a system interact to achieve goals, and change in any one element will impact the other elements and alter outcomes.

2. A: Just-in-time presentations are used when learners need to use the information. For example, if teaching learners to access data in a new computerized system, a supportive overview of the system and its purpose may be given right before hands-on practice along with basic instructions about use. However, only when the learners need to access data is the presentation about data access provided, allowing learners to draw on what they are learning immediately without the typical memory loss that occurs when people are trying to retrieve information they learned at an earlier time.

3. C: Organizational decision-making is the correct answer.

Types of Nursing Decision-Making


When and how to conduct an assessment


How information will be transmitted and received


Based on clinical signs, symptoms, and nursing evaluation


Based on integration of knowledge, evaluation, and experience


To seek information to further knowledge


Selecting one intervention from options


Based on which intervention will prevent a negative outcome


To which professional health care provider or services to refer


Regarding the patient most likely to benefit from a particular intervention


Regarding the best time for an intervention


How services will be delivered

4. B: Category 1B is the correct answer. Category descriptions include the following:

  • Category IA: well supported by evidence from experimental, clinical, or epidemiologic studies and strongly recommended for implementation
  • Category 1B: supporting evidence from some studies, good theoretical basis, and strongly recommended for implementation
  • Category IC: required by state or federal regulations or an industry standard.
  • Category II: supported by suggestive clinical or epidemiologic studies, has a theoretical basis, and is suggested for implementation
  • Category III: supported by descriptive studies and may be useful
  • Category IV: obtained from expert opinion or authorities only
  • Unresolved: no recommendation because of a lack of consensus or evidence

5. D: Establishing a mentoring program is directly tied to the goal and mission statement and should have priority. The nursing professional development specialist should demonstrate ongoing professional development through advanced academic education (e.g., a doctorate degree), continuing education, and professional activities, which can include authoring, giving presentations, and participating in local, state, and national professional organizations. The nursing professional development specialist should participate in a range of career advancement activities, such as establishing a program of mentoring, participating in research, and seeking administrative positions to influence policy and engage in decision-making.


Last Updated: 07/05/2018

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