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1. Which of the following was not a factor that effectively ended the open-range cattle industry on the western Great Plains in the late 1880s?
- The invention of barbed wire by Joseph Glidden in 1873
- The incursion of farmers and shepherds to the Great Plains
- The major blizzards that occurred between 1885 and 1887
- The lower profits caused by cattlemen’s mismanagement
- The droughts occurring between blizzards in the period of 1885-1887
2. Which of the following laws was instrumental to spurring westward migration to the Great Plains between 1860 and 1880?
- The Homestead Act
- The Timber Culture Act
- The Desert Land Act
- None of these laws were instrumental to spurring westward migration to the Great Plains during that period.
- All of these laws were instrumental to spurring westward migration to the Great Plains during that period.
3. When was the first American transcontinental railroad finished?
4. Of the following American railroads, which was/were primarily funded by the government?
- The Santa Fe Railroad
- The Great Northern Railroad
- The Northern Pacific Railroad
- The Southern Pacific Railroad
- They all were government funded.
5. Which of the following industries did not experience major growth from the late 1800s to the early 1900s?
6. Which statement does not accurately portray changes to the American labor force wrought by industrialization in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
- By 1880, there were almost five million individuals working in industrial jobs.
- More than two million women were employed in factories or offices by 1880.
- By the year 1890, 25% of children aged 10 to 15 years were in the workforce.
- During these years it was common for workers to sustain injuries and illness.
- Workers’ compensation, disability, and retirement did not exist for workers.
7. Which of the following is true regarding business consolidation around the turn of the 19th and20th centuries in American industries?
- John D. Rockefeller used vertical integration with his Standard Oil Company.
- Gustavus Swift was the first to use horizontal integration with meat packing.
- Social Darwinists were opposed to consolidation as well as to deregulation.
- Economists against consolidation favored more control of natural processes.
- The Sherman Anti-Trust Act proved quite effective in preventing monopoly.
8. Which of the following statistics is not accurate with respect to the urbanization of America between 1870 and 1920?
- The number of Americans who lived in cities grew more than fivefold during this time.
- By 1920, almost half of the American population lived in cities with over 2500 people.
- Cities having populations greater than 100 000 went up by more than 3.5 times.
- Cities having populations greater than 500 000 increased to six-fold.
9. Around the turn of the 19th and 20th century, when city slums resulted from overcrowding due to immigration, in which of the following areas was the least improvement made?
- Street lights
- Water supply
10. Which of the following was not a development of city culture in America around the turn of the 19th and20th century?
- Baseball had become America’s favorite professional sport by the 1880s.
- Vaudeville shows rode trains from cities to small towns across America.
- Early directors like D. W. Griffith developed the motion picture industry.
- Pulitzer and Hearst gave mass popularity to newspapers and magazines.
- All of these were American urban cultural developments during this time.