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1. Which of the following was NOT developed by the Phoenicians?
- Purple dye.
- Sailing technology.
- The alphabet.
- The ziggurat.
2. The first coin-based economy was established by which of the following people?
3. Which of the following statements are not true of Minoan culture?
- The name honors King Minos.
- Its capital was in Knossos on the island of Crete.
- Minoan culture was overtaken by the Athenians.
- Its capital was a maze-like structure of many chambers.
- Much of our knowledge of Minoan culture comes from reconstructed wall paintings.
4. The word democracy comes from two Greek root words meaning what?
- People and rule.
- People and vote.
- City and state.
- Tyrant and overthrow.
- People and freedom.
5. Which of the following refers to the slave class of ancient Sparta?
6. What was the Athenian Draco known for?
- His severely punitive legal system.
- His great reforms of the legal system.
- Leading Athenians into defeat in Sicily.
- Incurring the resentment of other city-states by amassing too much power.
- His comedic plays.
7. Which of the following is not a significant event in the Persian Wars?
- Persia invaded the Greek mainland.
- Persians were driven back at the battle of Marathon.
- The Greek forces vastly outnumbered the Persians.
- The Persians attacked Athens.
- Athens and Sparta unified their forces to defeat the Persians.
8. Which of the following is NOT an event associated with the golden age of Pericles?
- Philosophy flourished under thinkers such as Socrates.
- The Acropolis was reconstructed.
- Many great plays were written and performed by tragedians such as Aeschylus and Sophocles.
- The Iliad and Odyssey were written.
- The study of history flourished under such historians as Herodotus and Thucydides.
9. Which of these factors did not contribute to the escalation of the Peloponnesian Wars?
- Athens had amassed great power, which threatened other Greek city-states.
- Athens had created a monopoly on sea trade in the region.
- Several city-states formed an alliance with Sparta to keep Athens’s power in check.
- Athens invaded Sparta.
- The Spartans invaded Attica, near Athens, in 431 B.C.
10. Which of the following statements are true of BOTH the Iliad and the Odyssey?
- Both deal with the Trojan War or its aftermaths.
- Both focus primarily on the character Odysseus.
- Both are attributed to a poet named Homer.
- Both were written around 700 B.C.
- Both were based on an oral tradition of bards reciting poems to audiences.