Free CLEP Human Growth and Development Exam Practice Questions

  1. Peter conducted a correlational study of two variables which yielded a correlation coefficient of -0.83. Which of the following is true about this example?
    1. The relationship between the two variables is said to be weak.
    2. The relationship between these two variables is a perfect one.
    3. This correlation demonstrates a cause and effect relationship.
    4. As the value of one variable increases, the value of the other decreases.
    5. As the value of one variable increases, the value of the other also increases.
  2. Which of these sentences is a correct assessment of a cross-sectional study?
    1. It measures changes in the same group of subjects over a period of time.
    2. It measures differences among differently aged subjects at a single time.
    3. It measures differences in age and time to account for birth cohort effects.
    4. It is considered to be one of the types of the experimental research designs.
    5. It takes much less time than doing a longitudinal study, but costs much more.
  3. Which of these is not true of the cross-sequential research design?
    1. It was developed by the psychologist Klaus Warner Schaie.
    2. It was designed to study effects of different birth cohorts.
    3. It is one of several types of experimental research designs.
    4. It combines the cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    5. It compares different age groups at different points in time.
  4. Bob and Carol are doing a study involving two groups of participants. They have chosen scores on memory tests as their dependent variable and hours of sleep before taking the tests as their independent variable. They want to see if their participants will score lower on memory tests when they have had less sleep the night before. This is an example of:
    1. A non-experimental research design using correlation coefficients.
    2. A developmental research design known as longitudinal research.
    3. A developmental research design known as cross-sectional research.
    4. A research method that will use naturalistic observation of subjects.
    5. An experimental research design where researchers control variables.
  5. In 1937, psychiatrist George Vaillant began studying mental and physical well-being in a group of male Harvard University sophomores. He followed these subjects’ lives for over 70 years. This is an example of:
    1. A longitudinal research design.
    2. A cross-sectional research design.
    3. A cross-sequential research design.
    4. A case study research design.
    5. A correlational research design.
  6. In researching his theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget conducted case studies of a number of children. He also used observational research. Which of these is not true about observational research?
    1. Observational research is a type of descriptive research method.
    2. Observational research is a non-experimental research method.
    3. The researcher can see behavior in its natural setting using observational research.
    4. The observer is often able to ascertain certain causes and effects.
    5. Observer bias can occur, but interobserver reliability can be used.
  7. Which of these is true regarding early brain development?
    1. Newborn infants do not have brain lateralization, but they develop it in two years.
    2. In the first two years of life, there is pruning of synapses and formation of new ones.
    3. In the first two years of life, new neural circuits form, and no old ones are lost.
    4. In the first two years of life, neural circuits are pruned, but no new ones form.
    5. By two years of age, the brain weighs 90% of what an adult’s brain will weigh.
  8. Which of the following diseases is not carried on a recessive gene?
    1. Cystic fibrosis
    2. Sickle-cell anemia
    3. Huntington’s disease
    4. Phenylketonuria
    5. Tay-Sachs disease
  9. Which of these is not a name of a hormone?
    1. Thyroxin
    2. Endocrine
    3. Adrenalin
    4. Cortisol
    5. Progesterone
  10. Research has found that which of the following can be caused in children born to mothers who suffered emotional stress during pregnancy?
    1. Anxiety
    2. Hyperactivity
    3. Aggression and anger
    4. Less ability to cope with stress
    5. All of these result from prenatal stress.


CLEP Human Growth and Development Exam Answer Key

CLEP Human Growth and Development Test Breakdown


Last Updated: 07/05/2018

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