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1. Social development and cognitive development often progress together because
- The more knowledge a child has, the more social he becomes
- As children are developing physically, they lose interest in social interactions
- Children develop the dexterity to show their cognitive development
- All areas of development-physical, social, and cognitive-are interrelated
2. Which of the following describes one difference between role-play writing and early writing?
- In role-play writing, the child writes in scribbles that are only meaningful to him or her. In early writing, the child uses real letters
- In early writing, the child writes in scribbles that are only meaningful to him or her. In role- play writing, the child writes in groups of words with a period at the end
- In role-play writing, the child writes in simple forms of language, usually the way the word sounds. In early writing, the child starts to use sight words and familiar text
- In early writing, the child has a sense of audience and a purpose for writing. In role-play writing, the child writes from the point of view of an imaginary character
3. Which of the following is NOT a way to teach young children to recognize patterns?
- Count by twos beginning with 5
- Comparing geometric shapes
- Solving for x in an equation
- Analyzing the results of a class survey
4. When deciding to measure the sides of a two-dimensional object, what attributes of that object should be considered?
- Volume and liquid measurement
- Length and width
- Weight and mass
- Perimeter and area
5. What is a primary contribution of the Israelites to civilization?
Answers and Explanations
1. D: All areas of development-physical, social, and cognitive-are interrelated. A teacher who is aware of this may be able to emphasize the most appropriate method of instruction for this particular child.
2. A: In role playing writing, the child writes in scribbles that are only meaningful to him or her. In early writing, the child begins to use real letters.
3. C: Solving for x in an equation. Young children are not ready for algebraic equations, but they can learn to recognize patterns by counting by twos, comparing geometric shapes, and analyzing data they have collected.
4. B: Length and width. Since the object is not a solid, no other dimensions are needed.
5. D: Monotheism. Before the Israelites, almost all civilizations, including the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman civilizations, believed in many gods.